|Gramática: Verb collocations (verb
Argentina (el verbo ‘to like’ en el pasado)
What’s Argentina like? (¿Cómo es?)
Does Buenos Aires looks like Paris? (se parece)
What does it feel like? – It feels like Paris.
Does it smell like Paris? – It smells like Buenos Aires.
Pronunciación: /i/ and /i:/
/i/ – hit, sit
/i:/ – me, three
hit / heat
ship / sheep
sit / seat
whip / weep
sh*t / sheet
Phrasal verb: take up
I’ll take you up on that! (say yes,
agree) – tomar/aceptar el reto
Craig will take Reza up on his chess challenge, and on his offer to have
a meal at his flat.
Nelso Mandela took up the fight against racism.
To take up a hobby/sport – Are you taking up anything in the new year?
Reza’s friend has recently taken up jogging (not footing!!)
Reza is thinking of taking up aerobics.
Bob took up his new role as director (to accept a role or task)
To take up time (ocupar tiempo)
Take up trousers, to take up clothes (to make shorter)
Vocabulary Corner: Work – trabajo
What’s the difference between work and
Job is a noun. Work is a verb and a noun. When work is a noun, it’s
usually uncountable: I have two jobs. I have a lot of work.
Reza has a lot of work. He has three jobs.
Career is a false friend. – You study a degree or a subject at
You begin your career when you start working.
Reza has changed his careers. He used to be a musician.
You boss sacks you (if you’re a bad employee. – to get the sack / to be
fired, to get fired. Reza got the sack in East Berlin. He got the sack
from selling newspapers.
to resign from your job (you decide to leave) / to hand in your notice
or resignation (tell your employer in advance that you are going to
to be made redundant – redundancy money. Many people in Spain are being
made redundant at the moment.
to retire at the retirement age – to get a pension from the state (a
state pension). You can also get a private pension.
Reza’s Top Tip: Brainstorm collocations
DRIVE – to drive a car, bus, taxi etc.
to drive someone mad / crazy
Reza’s mum drives him up the walls (in Belfast) or up the wall (in
London). She drives him mad, she drives him crazy.
She drives him round the bend
to drive a point home
to drive a hard bargain – He drove a hard bargain
to drive under the influence (of alcohol or drugs)
STONE – a stepping stone – I see this job as a stepping stone to reach
a stepping stone in a river
The Rolling Stones
A rolling stone – “a rolling stone gathers no moss” (musgo)
A stones throw away. It’s a stones throw away from here.
To leave no stone unturned – The police left no stone unturned.
To sink like a stone
a headstone (lápida mortuoria, piedra sepulcral)