Gramática: More gerunds and infinitives

decide (decidir) – Reza decided to go out for the day
avoid (evitar) – I avoided studying for the IELTS exam
finish (terminar) – Reza finished eating and left the restaurant.
feel like (tener ganas hacer algo) – Reza feels like sleeping
forget (olvidarse) – If you have forgotten ‘forget’, listen again to episode 14.
promise (prometer) – I promise to help you
agree (estar de acuerdo) – We agreed to stop fighting and become friends. (¡OJO! – We agreed ON doing something)
enjoy (disfrutar) – Reza enjoys doing these podcasts. – I enjoyed myself at the party.
fancy (apetecer) – What do you fancy doing tonight? Reza fancies having a gin and tonic.
refuse (rechazar) – I refuse to give you the money.
offer (ofrecer) – He offered to help me.
hope / expect (esperar) – I hope to pass my exams (you want it to happen) – I expect to pass my exams (you think it is going to happen)
mind (importar) – Do you mind waiting? – I mind waiting for someone to come. – Do you mind if I smoke? – Would you mind if I sat here?
miss (echar de menos) – I miss seeing my friends. – Reza misses drinking Guinness.
suggest (proponer/sugerir) – I suggest seeing your doctor. – I suggest you see the doctor.
seem (parecer) – He seems to be happy.

Vocabulary Corner: Valentines Day

- to meet / to know / to get to know someone = conocer a alguien
I’ve known John for a long time. I met him five years ago. Tonight I’m going to meet him at the pub.
- to go out with someone = salir con alguien
I’m going out with a girl/boy.
- to fall in love = enamorarse – to love someone, to be in love with someone, to fall out of love with someone.
- to be crazy/mad about someone = estar chiflado por alguien – to be head over heels on love.
- to have a row = reñir(se) I had a row with my neighbour
- to get on well = llevarse bien
- to fancy someone = sentirse atraído por alguien (to find someone atractive)
- to have an affair (with) = tener una aventura
- to kiss = besar(se)

Phrasal verb: to look after (cuidarse o cuidar a alguien)

Los phrasal verbs, o 'multi-word verbs' (verbos de dos o más palabras) están formados por un verbo y pequeñas palabras (preposiciones o partículas adverbiales).
A veces el significado del verbo cambia a un significado completamente diferente “Look (mirar) + after (después) = cuidarse”!
Los phrasal verbs se usan mucho en el inglés informal.
Algunos phrasal verbs tienen más de un significado. (take off)
En algunos phrasal verbs podemos insertar el complemento entre el verbo y la partícula, o ponerlo después.
Pero cuando el complemento es un pronombre, siempre va entre el verbo y la partícula.
I took my clothes off. (I took them off) X I took off them X
… o bien
“I took off my clothes.”
Normalmente un phrasal verb se corresponde a un solo verbo en español. “go away” “go in” “go out” “go back”
El uso de los ‘phrasal verbs’ es más frecuente en el lenguaje común. En el lenguaje escrito, suelen emplearse verbos equivalentes cuando es posible.
“Take the cover off and put the key in” “Remove the cover and insert the key”

*Dispones de más PODCAST en inglés publicados en los cuadernos anteriores
a los que puedes acceder directamente así como al índice de su contenido.


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