Adjectives, adverbs, verbs and nouns

NOUN – Reza drank his coffee (‘coffee’ is a noun)

VERB – Reza drank his coffee (‘drank’ is the verb)

ADVERB – Reza drank his coffee slowly (‘slowly’ is the adverb – slowly, quickly, noisily, beautifully etc)

ADJECTIVE – Reza drank his hot coffee slowly (‘hot’ is the adjective. An adjective describes the noun – strong, weak, expensive coffee etc)

sly – astuto, taimado/a (a sly fox)
David used the example HELP – verb and noun. What’s the adjective? ‘helpful’ / ‘unhelpful’ / ‘helpless’ – and the adverb? ‘helpfully’
Study them in a table:


economy | economize | economical/economic | economically

analysis | analyse | analytical | analytically

apology | apologise | apologetic | apologetically

There is a table and exercises about this in our MansionFirst cd for the First Certificate exam

PROVERBS – What is a proverb? – A simple and concrete saying, popularly known and repeated, that expresses a truth based on common sense or the practical experience of humanity.
Proverbs are often metaphorical (metaphor – metáfora).

“A stitch in time saves nine.” – If you sort out a problem immediately it may save extra work later.

“Two wrongs don’t make a right.”
When someone has done something bad to you, trying to get revenge will only make things worse.

“When in Rome, do as the Romans.”
Act the way that the people around you are acting. Have your dinner at 9pm in Spain. Drink lots of tea in the UK.

“When the going gets tough, the tough get going.”
Tweet This! Strong people don’t give up when they come across challenges. They just work harder.

“No man is an island.”
Tweet This! You can’t live completely independently. Everyone needs help from other people.

“Two heads are better than one.”
It’s better to work with someone than to work alone.

“Too many cooks spoil the broth.”
Too many people together could produce a bad result.

*Dispones de más PODCAST en inglés publicados en los cuadernos anteriores
a los que puedes acceder directamente así como al índice de su contenido.


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