By avoiding something, you take an action to “go around” the problem. Preventing something means actively interfering to stop something happening.

“I avoided going to the party by saying I was sick.”
“I prevented Reza from coming into the room by closing the door.”

listen to/hear

“To hear a noise” / “Hear people speaking.”


Remind + direct object: “Remind ME to buy milk.”

You remind SOMEONE TO DO something – “Remind me to write the shownotes to this episode.”

I’ve got to leave at 5 p.m. don’t forget to remind me. – Tengo que irme a las 5 de la tarde; no te olvides de recordármelo. (make me remember)


I remember the day you were born. – Me acuerdo del día en que naciste. / Recuerdo el día en que naciste.

Remember is when you think of a memory (a past experience): I remember the first time I met you.
Remind is when a person or thing makes you think about something. Our show notes remind us what we need to talk about.


When you look at something you make an effort – “Look at that man over there!”
When you see something you do not make an effort – “I can’t see you.” / “Did you see John yesterday?”
When you watch something (the TV, a film, a football match) you make an effort to engage in it. – “I’m watching the film” (Watch = to look with attention)


Argue – discutir (to have a row with someone)
Discuss – hablar (to have a discussion with someone)


Suit – to look good “That shirt really suits you.”
Fit – to be the correct size “This shirt doesn’t fit me anymore. It’s too small.”

meet/know (conocer)

“Reza and Craig MET each other in 1998. They have KNOWN each other for many years.”

Meet (quedar)
“Shall we meet tomorrow?”
– “Yes, let’s meet for a beer.”


Reza and Craig spoke about ‘do’ and ‘make’ collocations in Episode 1 and Episode 2


Rise does not take an object. It’s an intransitive verb – “The sun rises.”
Raise does take an object so it’s a transitive verb – “Raise your hand.” / “Ask your boss to raise your salary.” / “Ask your boss for a RAISE.” (noun)

‘Rise’ can also be a noun – “The rise of the Roman empire.”


Succeed IN + gerund – tener exito “John is a lucky guy. He succeeds in everything in life.”
Manage + infinitive – conseguir, lograr (You manage something WITH DIFFICULTY) “Although it was very difficult, I managed to pass my First Certificate exam.”

win/earn (ganar)

WIN: a competition, a game, the lottery money at a casino, a prize, an award
EARN: a salary, money at work, earn respect


Bring it HERE
Take it THERE


LEND TO: “The bank lends money to you.”
BORROW FROM: “You borrow money from the bank.”

“Can I borrow your pen?” – ¿Puedo pedirle prestada tu boli?
“Can you lend me your pen?” – ¿Puedes prestarme tu boli?


“Let me help you.”
“Allow me to help you.”
“This contract does not permit you to charge a lot of money.”


“What are you wearing?” / Reza’s wearing smart clothes.”
“When you came in you were carring a briefcase.”

wear/dress – to get dressed/put on

“I get up and put on my clothes. After I put on my clothes I’m wearing them.”
“I get dressed in the morning.”
“Put on your glasses.”


“Reza often misses the bus.”
“Craig sometimes misses English pubs.”

“Reza’s losing his mind.”
“Craig lost 10 euros.”


Advise – aconsejar – “We advise you to listen to this podcast.”
warn – avisar – “Reza warned Craig not to drink that eighth whisky.” / “He warned me against drinking it.”


“I resigned from my company.” (I handed in my notice)
“I was dismissed from my company.” (I was sacked/I was fired)

*Dispones de más PODCAST en inglés publicados en los cuadernos anteriores
a los que puedes acceder directamente así como al índice de su contenido.


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