Discussing Trends – upward and downward trends

Verbs/Nouns – DOWN

to decline/a decline
to go down
to drop/a drop
to fall/a fall
to decrease/a decrease
to dip/a dip
to slide – deslizar /a slide

More extreme

to plummet
to halve/a halving
to plunge/a plunge
to nosedive/a nosedive
to tumble/a tumble


to rise (intransitive = no object)/a rise
to raise (transitive = with object)/a raise
to go up
to increase/ an increase
to improve/ an improvement
to grow/ a growth
to recover (from a previous fall)/ a recovery
to peak (to a maximum point)/ a peak

More extreme

to shoot up
to hockeystick (US)
to skyrocket/ a skyrocketing (uncommon) *NOT a skyrocket
to double, triple/ a doubling/tripling
to rocket/ a rocketing (uncommon) *NOT a rocket
to soar/ a soar



to fluctuate/ a fluctuation
to level off or out/a level(l)ing off or out
to hold steady
to flatline/flatlining
to even out/an evening out (but *NOT with your friends in this case!)
Adjective + Noun phrases / Verb + Adverb phrases

a significant increase/to increase significantly
a slight drop/to drop slightly
a noticeable decline/to decline noticeably
a gradual recovery/to recover gradually
a steep rise/to rise steeply
a substantial growth/to grow substantially
a sharp decrease/to decrease sharply
a dramatic jump/to jump dramatically
a moderate recovery/to recover moderately
a steady improvement/to improve steadily

· Examples

There has been a steady rise in the number of unemployed people in recent years.
The figures show a sharp decline in the number of homeowners this year.
Compared to last year’s figures, this year has seen a significant increase of 40% so far.
We can see a slight drop of 2% compared to last week, according to theses statistics
The figures show (that) the number of homeowners has declined sharply this year.
The chart shows how car sales have plummeted since the crisis by 67%.
The table shows (that) the amount has flatlined at 8 million tonnes.
As the graph demonstrates, a dramatic price increase/increase in price occurred last month.
In recent years the percentage of homeless people in Spain has risen sharply.
There has been a slight improvement in our team’s ball possession this season.
As you can see from the diagram, the ratio of men to women is currently 2:1 (two to one).
Sales rose by 10% from 32,000 to 32,320. This meant an increase of 320.
The present fluctuation in prices makes future predictions difficult.
The amount of plastic polluting the seas looks set to continue rising, according to the figures.
Half of all those interviewed said they had bought 2 or more handheld devices over the last 5 years.

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