9 Spanish Words We Need In English
1.GUIRI – a foreigner, usually a tourist, who happens to be in Spain and
stands out as being pretty obviously not a local. (GRINGO in Central/South
Do you wear sandals and socks? Walk on the sunny side of the street in
“Only mad dogs and Englishmen go out in the midday sun!”
2. ESTRENAR – to wear or use something for the first time.
Wear for the first time
Make a debut in a job or in a new post or position
(Films in the cinema) Premiere, release a film, to perform for the first
3. ESPABILAR – To liven up, to hurry up, to get one’s act together, to
wake up, to get a move on, move yourself!
¡Espabila o el banco estará cerrado! – Get your arse in gear or the bank
will be closed!
4. CACHONDEO – Messing and joking around
cachondearse = laugh at, (slang – take the mickey), (formal – to mock,
ridicule) – “No te enfades, que estoy de cachondeo, no lo digo en
(falta de seriedad) – a joke a laugh “Esto es un cachondeo, aquí nadie
hace lo que debe hacer.”
5. AUTÓNOMO – A registered self-employed person, independent, self-sufficient.
The word also refers to freelancers and contractors.
“Es una mujer autónoma que vive independiente.” – She’s a self-sufficient
woman who lives independently.
6. PAGAFANTAS – ‘Fanta buyer’, it usually refers to guys who buy drinks
for girls and treat them nicely, but never actually get anywhere in the
relationship. (a mug, chump)
eg. Reza, quite often!
7. FUNCIONARIO – clerk, civil servant, official (oposiciones)
“La ambición de mi primo es ser funcionario.”
8. ALTA / BAJA (These words have multiple meanings) – sign on/off the
dole (el paro) or social security or many other things, register/unregister
(something), statement of fitness for work/sick line
DAR DE ALTA: to be discharged from hospital / to join an organization,
DAR DE BAJA: to unsubscribe
9. YA (Reza both loves and hates this word in equal measure because its
shortness can be very useful or very sarcastic) – “Yes”, “That’s right”,
“Told you (so)”, “I see (what you mean)”, “Stop (talking)”, “Yes, I
already know (that)”, “Yes, I’ve already done that”, “About time / At
last”, “That’s quite enough”, “Is that it / all?”
Ahora mismo (now): “Quiero que entres en casa ya.” – I want you to go
into the house now. / “Ya se acabó” – it’s all over now
Anteriormente (already): “La policía ya había detenido al ladrón en dos
ocasiones.” – The police had already detained the thief on two occasions.
¡Basta ya! – Stop it already!, Enough already!, Enough!, Knock it off!
ya entiendo – I see
¡ya lo sé! – I know!
ya, pero … – yes, but …
¡ya, ya! – yes, yes!, oh, yes!, oh, sure! (irony)
ya, y luego viste un burro volando – ¿no? sure, and pigs might fly! (irony)
esto ya es un robo – this really is robbery
GOING FORWARD – a poem by Reza Shah
As a valued literary stakeholder all are
Welcome to this key verse
In which you can decide how we
Will go forward together into the future.
A future full, so full,
Of a raft of broad-ranging initiatives
In which we must all pool resources
By supporting this latest proposal, going forward.
Due to present unavoidable circumstances
Words must be properly managed
And targeted primarily only to
Those most in need of them.
Should any mistruth occur, per se,
In accordance with best practice
It will be swiftly dealt with
And those responsible will be held accountable.
In terms of teamwork and leadership
Verbal synergy will be the
Benchmark and core competency
In the most encompassing global sense.
In the face of growing misconception
It now only remains for me
To tender my resignation in a
Bid to quell mounting concern that
These lines are not fit for purpose
PODCAST en inglés publicados en los cuadernos anteriores
a los que puedes acceder directamente así como al índice de su