Read about six world festivals and match the texts (1- 6) to the photos (a – f).
 

   
The Festival of Lights - Diwali   Mardi Gras – New Orleans, USA   The White Nights Festival - Russia
   
The Glastonbury Festival - England   The Burning Man Festival –
Black Rock Desert, Nevada, USA
  The Rio Carnival - Brasil

1.
This is an annual international cultural event during the season of the midnight sun. The festival consists of a series of classical ballet, opera and music events and includes performances by national dancers, singers, musicians and actors, as well as famous international guest stars. Diccionario online
The Scarlet Sails celebration is the culmination of the season. This is the largest public event anywhere in the country, and it has an annual estimated attendance about one million people. Most are students from hundreds of schools and colleges, both local and international.
The festival begins in May at the Mariinsky Theatre and ends in July. However, some performances connected to the festival take place before and after the official dates.

2.
This is quite possibly the finest, and definitely the largest, music and performing arts festival in the world. The festival is best known for its contemporary music, but also features dance, comedy, theatre, circus, cabaret and many other arts.
Last year, over 700 acts played on over 80 stages and the attendance reached 177,000 people.
It may not always attract the biggest-name bands, but there’s something special about the vibe in the surrounding countryside. There’s a lot of drugs, a lot of mud, a lot of young people and a great atmosphere.
It takes place the last weekend in June each year and lasts for three days.

3.
This just has to be the biggest and the best known carnival parade in the world. It has been going on since the 1930’s and more than 500,000 visitors come here every year adding to a local population of around a million party people.
The carnival takes place forty days before Easter, and the celebrations last for four days culminating in the Samba Parade. Three to five thousand people from samba schools all over the city perform with floats, music themes and costumes and spectators party in the streets. The parade itself starts Sunday evening and continues into early Monday morning.
The hedonistic attitude of Carnival comes from its history as a final chance to party and go crazy before the more serious and religious Easter holiday.

4.
Here you can see between forty and fifty parades of huge, carefully designed floats, dancing, music and marching that all takes place along several different routes during this two week long festival every February.
As well as the colourful parades, this is a time for picnics, formal dances and dressing up and everyone is encouraged to wear the traditional colours of purple (for justice), green (for faith), and gold (for power).
Although some sections of the city may have a bad reputation, most of the parades and events are suitable for children to attend. None of the parades now go through the French Quarter because the streets are too narrow and the area is full of party goers looking to drink - and behave - to excess.

5.
The event is open to public for 8 days. It begins on the last Monday in August and ends on the first Monday in September. It opens on the Monday of the week before, at 12 AM. Some organized volunteers, however, arrive a few weeks in advance to prepare for the festival which takes place in a desert.
Last year, nearly 50,000 people took part in the project. It has grown from being a beach party celebrating the summer solstice to the incarnation of personal freedom and radical self expression.
The most important part of the festival is being part of the event, which involves living in a temporary and specially built city community in the desert, and testing your self expression and self reliance. This can be in the form of taking part in art projects and community life or just going a bit crazy.
If you’re looking for a totally unique experience, this festival will provide you with one, but only if you join in.
Festival goers should take note that money is not really used at the event (and can only buy you coffee and ice), normal vehicles are not permitted (so bring a bicycle) and clothes are optional. But entertainment is top quality, and all kinds of musical, theatrical and visual arts performances happen spontaneously.
The festival reaches its climax on Saturday evening with the burning of a large wooden effigy.

6.
This is a significant festival in many eastern religions and an official holiday in India. Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists light small clay lanterns filled with coconut oil to signify victory of good over evil.
The five day festival takes place on the new moon between October 13 and November 14. The main celebrations and the biggest fireworks displays happen on the third day. Children have school holidays and lots of families take the opportunity to spend time together. They also celebrate with big meals and giving gifts, though like Christmas, it is also a time for charity.
As well as light displays there are street markets with food, music and circus style entertainment. People wear new clothes and women paint traditional designs on their hands with henna.
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Read the texts again and find the translations for the following Spanish words.
 
- Text 1
interpretación, actuación =
ocurrir =
- Text 2
sensación =
barro =
ambiente =
- Text 3
carroza =
disfraz =
espectador/a =
  - Text 4
enorme =
disfrazarse =
animar (a una persona) =
estrecho =
comportarse =
- Text 5
participar (en algo) = o
crecer =
libertad =
único =
- Text 6
arcilla =
farol =
fuegos artificiales =

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Tom Sawyer – Part One

Before you read the text, read the following comprehension questions.
 

1. What did the old lady find under the bed?

2. What did Tom have on his mouth and hands?

3. What was Tom’s aunt going to hit him with?

4. Which sentence in the text means ‘When you get older, you don’t learn anything new’?

5. What happened to Tom’s mum?
.
   

Now read the text and answer the questions.
 
"TOM!"
No answer.
"TOM!"
No answer.
"What's happened to that boy, I wonder? Hey TOM!"
No answer.
The old lady took off her glasses and looked around the room; then she put them back on again and looked out over them. She almost never looked THROUGH them for so small a thing as a boy; they were her best pair, the pride of her heart, and were built for "style," not service. She could have seen just as clearly if she were wearing two saucers in front of her eyes.
She looked worried for a moment, and then said, not angrily,
but still loud enough for the furniture to hear:
"Well, I swear to God if I get hold of you Tom, I'll…………"
She did not finish, because by this time she was bending down and pushing under the bed with the broom, and she needed breath to push the broom with. Under the bed she found nothing but the cat.
"I never did understand that boy!"
She went to the open door and stood in it and looked out among the tomato vines and weeds that made the garden. No Tom. So she lifted up her voice at an angle calculated for distance and shouted:
"Y-o-u-u TOM!"
There was a slight noise behind her and she turned just in time to catch a small boy by the top of his shirt and stop him running.
"I should have thought of that closet. What have you been doing in there?"
"Nothing."
"Nothing! Look at your hands. And look at your mouth. What IS that mess?"
"I don't know, aunt."
"Well, I know. It's jam, that's what it is. Forty times I've said to you if you didn't leave that jam alone I'd skin you. Hand me that stick."
The stick hovered in the air, the danger for Tom was imminent.
"Hey! Look behind you, aunt!"
The old lady turned round quickly, and snatched her skirts out of danger. The boy immediately ran and climbed up the high board-fence, and disappeared over it.
His aunt Polly stood surprised for a moment, and then broke into a gentle laugh.Diccionario online
"That boy! can't I ever learn anything? Hasn’t he played enough tricks on me in the past for me to know him by now? But an old fool is the biggest fool there is. You can't teach old dog new tricks, as the saying goes. But my goodness, he never repeats things twice. How am I supposed to know what's coming? He seems to know just how long he can torment me before I get angry and he knows if he can make me laugh I can't hit him at all.
I’m not doing my duty with that boy, and that's the Lord's truth, goodness knows. Spare the rod and you spoil the child, as the Good Book says. I'm doing wrong suffering for us both, I know. He's full of trouble but he's my own dead sister's boy, poor thing, and I haven’t got the heart to hit him. Every time I let him off, my conscience hurts me so much, and every time I hit him my old heart almost breaks.
He'll play truant this evening, and I'll just have to make him work, to-morrow, to punish him. It's really hard to make him work Saturdays, when all the boys are on holiday, but he hates work more than he hates anything else, and I've GOT to do some of my duty by him, or I'll ruin the child."

* The text has been adapted from the Adventures of Tom Sawyer
by Mark Twain


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